Political Parties in Nepal – Class 10 Social Notes

Political Parties in Nepal – Class 10 Social Notes Consists of the notes of the Chapter, download the Notes pdf and enjoy offline. To Download Pdf Notes Click on the Download Pdf Button at the Bottom of the Post.

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Political Parties in Nepal Key Notes:

Here are some key notes on the social subject chapter on Political Parties in Nepal:

Constitutional Provisions Relating to Political Parties:

  1. The Constitution of Nepal guarantees the right to form, join and participate in political parties.
  2. Political parties must register with the Election Commission of Nepal and follow certain rules and regulations regarding their organization and functioning.
  3. Political parties must have a democratic structure and internal procedures and must abide by the principles of democracy, human rights, and rule of law.

There are several political parties in Nepal, but here are some of the main ones:

  1. Nepal Communist Party (NCP): The Nepal Communist Party is the largest political party in Nepal, formed in 2018 after the merger of the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre). The party is led by Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli.
  2. Nepali Congress (NC): The Nepali Congress is the second-largest political party in Nepal and has played a significant role in the country’s democratic history. The party was founded in 1947 and led the movement against the Rana regime in 1951. It has also been in power several times since the restoration of democracy in 1990.
  3. Janata Samajwadi Party Nepal (JSPN): The Janata Samajwadi Party Nepal was formed in 2020 after the merger of the Rastriya Janata Party Nepal and the Samajwadi Party Nepal. The party represents the interests of marginalized communities such as Madhesis and Dalits.
  4. Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP): The Rastriya Prajatantra Party is a conservative political party in Nepal that advocates for Hindu nationalism and monarchy. The party was founded in 1990 and has been in and out of power several times since then.
  5. Nepal Workers and Peasants Party (NWPP): The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party is a left-wing political party that was formed in 2003. The party advocates for the rights of workers and peasants and has a strong presence in rural areas of Nepal.

These are just a few of the main political parties in Nepal, and there are many others with different ideologies and agendas.

Role of Political Parties in Democracy:

  1. Political parties play a key role in democracy by providing citizens with an opportunity to participate in the political process and express their views and preferences.
  2. Political parties help to articulate and represent the interests and concerns of different sections of society and provide a platform for political debate and discussion.
  3. Political parties also serve as a mechanism for holding governments accountable and ensuring that they are responsive to the needs and aspirations of the people.

Role of Political Parties in the Establishment of Democracy in Nepal:

  1. Political parties have played a critical role in the establishment of democracy in Nepal. In 1951, the Nepali Congress led a popular movement that overthrew the autocratic Rana regime and established democracy in the country.
  2. In 1990, political parties again led a popular movement against the authoritarian Panchayat system, resulting in the adoption of a new constitution and the establishment of multi-party democracy.
  3. Political parties have continued to play a significant role in Nepal’s democratic evolution, with several parties representing a diverse range of interests and ideologies. However, the country has also faced challenges and setbacks, including periods of political instability, conflict, and polarization.

Overall, the role of political parties in Nepal has been crucial in shaping the country’s political landscape and promoting democratic values and principles. Despite challenges, political parties continue to serve as important actors in Nepal’s ongoing democratic experiment.

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